Income and Poverty

Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion in Wales 2007

  • Published 2nd Jul 2007
  • Authors: Peter Kenway, , Guy Palmer,
  • Category: Income and Poverty

This Findings updates Monitoring poverty and social exclusion in Wales 2005. That report focused on trends over time and differences across Wales. It concluded that Wales was becoming average in UK terms, having not long ago been far behind. By contrast, this Findings focuses on the breadth and scale of problems still faced in Wales. If this makes for a darker tone, it reflects the fact that the rate of child poverty and the proportion of people 'lacking but wanting work' are no lower than two years ago. Other problems remain stubbornly unyielding.

Key points

  • Child poverty in Wales is around a quarter lower than in the late 1990s but there has been no further progress in the last two years, the rate stalling at around 28%.
  • Poverty affects all age groups. There are more working-age adults in poverty than children and pensioners in poverty combined. Poverty among disabled working-age adults is higher than a decade ago.
  • The unemployment rate among young adults stands at around 10%, more than twice that for those aged over 25. More than a fifth of both disabled people and lone parents want, but lack, paid work.
  • Unemployment was slightly higher in 2006 than in 2005. The proportions of disabled and lone parents who lack but want work have both been rising since 2004.
  • A quarter of 19-year-olds lack NVQ2 or equivalent qualifications, a proportion unchanged this decade. Around 10% of 16- to 18-year-olds are not in employment, education or training.
  • Up to 1% of children are in situations where they are almost certain to be very seriously disadvantaged (for example, in care or becoming homeless). More than 15% of children live in workless households and more than 20% live with a disabled parent.

About this report
This report was funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation and written by Peter Kenway and Guy Palmer. The facts presented and views expressed in this report are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Foundation.